Ams = amino acids (ama = amino acid)
00 = infinity sign (∞).
20 ams --> 24 codons: i.e. 4 ams with double codons:
Arg 1, 2: codons CG + AG-A/G;
Ser 1, 2: codons UC + AG-U/C;
Leu 1, 2: codons CU + UU-A/G; and
Ileu 1, 2: codons AU-A +AU-U/C, only differing in third base
3rd bases in the codons:
Codons with where A or G in 3rd place makes no difference, written
where Uor C in 3rd position makes no difference = U/C.
Parts of an amino acid:
R = R-chain(s) = the "radical chain" of amino acids =
= the differing part of ams not taking part in
the peptide binding.
B = B-chain(s) = "ground chain" =
= the similar parts of ams which through condensation
combines to peptide chains.
All sums refer to mass number A where not anything else is mentioned.
They refer to R-chains where not anything else is denounced.
Codon groups, way of writing:
G1 - C1 - U1 - A1 = ams-groups coded by G-C-U-A respectively as
G2 - C2 - U2 - A2 = "
Codon types, used denominations:
"Cross-codons" = GU-UG-AC-CA
"Form-codons" = GA-UC-AG-CU
"Pair-codons" = GG-UU-AA-CC
"RNA-codons" = GC-UA-AU-CG 6
ams in each group.
/\ = sign for inversion of numbers
A-numbers for the RNA-DNA-bases with +1 for the bond to ribose:
G = 151
A = 135
U = 112
C = 111
sum 509, + T 126 = 635.