The Genetic CodeMathematical patterns in assignment of codons to amino acids
 Abbreviations - ways of writing
 Ams = amino acids (ama = amino acid) 00 = infinity sign (∞). 20 ams --> 24 codons: i.e. 4 ams with double codons: Arg 1, 2: codons CG + AG-A/G; Ser 1, 2: codons UC + AG-U/C; Leu 1, 2: codons CU + UU-A/G; and Ileu 1, 2: codons AU-A +AU-U/C, only differing in third base 3rd bases in the codons: Codons with where A or G in 3rd place makes no difference, written A/G, where Uor C in 3rd position makes no difference = U/C. Parts of an amino acid: R = R-chain(s) = the "radical chain" of amino acids = "side" chains    = the differing part of ams not taking part in the peptide binding. B = B-chain(s) = "ground chain" =    = the similar parts of ams which through condensation combines to peptide       chains.                       R                        | B:         H2N-CH-COOH Sums: All sums refer to mass number A where not anything else is mentioned. They refer to R-chains where not anything else is denounced. Codon groups, way of writing: G1 - C1 - U1 - A1 = ams-groups coded by G-C-U-A respectively as first base. G2 - C2 - U2 - A2 =        "                             "                "          as second base. Codon types, used denominations: "Cross-codons" = GU-UG-AC-CA    "Form-codons"  = GA-UC-AG-CU    "Pair-codons"    = GG-UU-AA-CC    "RNA-codons"   = GC-UA-AU-CG         6 ams in each group. /\ = sign for inversion of numbers   A-numbers for the RNA-DNA-bases with +1 for the bond to ribose: G = 151 A = 135 U = 112 C = 111…sum 509, + T 126 = 635.

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