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under menue Biology, first pages
Some first general aspects
1. A dimension chain in the model here has
5 steps, 6 "borders" or states.
5 → 4 → 3 → 2 → 1 → 0/00
There are 5-4 bases in the genetic code.
There are 5-6 atoms forming the rings (C, C-N) in carbohydrates
There are 4-5-6 elements as the essential building stones
for the structures of life chemistry (P-C-N-O/S-H) with
- 4-5 or 5-6 cyclic processes have been regarded as condition
for life (Marquand: Life, 1970).
- 4-5 cells in the development of the fertilized ovum becomes
the embryo, according to some source.
Hence, there is a lot (and more than these things) to be
said in favour of counting on 5 primary dimensions.
Why "dimensions"? Here is assumed
that numbers ultimately, at bottom, are rooted in dimensions,
and a transformation through dimension steps to dimension
degree (d-degree) 1 for instance give 5 x 1 units. (With
d-degree 0/00 substantiated 6.
2. There are the millions of chemical substances - all
the butyric acids, malic acids, formic acids of the chemists
and thousands of other unpronounceable molecules which change
names and identity only because they exchange an atom or
move a group, all becoming a brushwood for non-chemists.
Perhaps it could be regarded as an attempt to describe a
forest through its spatial forms instead of in terms of
trees, earth, stones?
Perhaps all substances are as matrices
to what in reality is simple; perhaps it is the processes
as matrices to the individual substances that draw the simple
patterns, or the gist of these processes?
Dimension chains on a field level may
be imagined working as fretsaws in the molecular substance
as at production of jigsaw puzzles, a dimensional process
of inward / outward developments where the small pieces
get increasingly complex to interpret in comparison with
the whole, the entirety.
3. The aspect from the entirety towards the parts has in
the dimension model the same validity as a view in the opposite
direction, the synthesizing aspect from parts toward the
more complex units.
If so, one should at a "pre-material"
field level have mass numbers, virtual weights, which get
distributed on atoms, translated to differentiated molecules
and compounds. We have also that most elements in practice
are found in the form of molecules.
(Is it possible to imagine that nuclear fission and molecular
structures could occur simultaneously under certain density
and temperature conditions? A differentiation of a whole
mass to a multi-centre molecule? Atoms interpreted as "poles"
out of a bigger unit in a process of varying fragmentation
and simultaneously creating of bonds?
It's probably only imaginable on an underlying
level where the Time axis still is double directed? In macrocosm
however, double and multiple stars seem to differentiate
more or less simultaneously out of cosmic clouds: a fragmentation
into bound systems as through "development inwards".)
Atoms can also be analysed as wave functions, as matter
waves (in d-degrees (3)--2--1-- according to our model here).
This makes it perhaps easier to understand their mutual
connections as through underlying fields - and processes
of disintegration and association as results of such things
as diffraction and interference..
4. A conclusion of the dimension model is that the mass
numbers ought to have a much bigger importance for which
chemical compounds and molecules that are created than the
common biochemistry is willing to count on.
5. A dimension chain where each step develops to whole new
secondary dimension chains and steps in these to tertiary
dimension chains, is equal to what here is called a level
chain. It surely implies the same as"fractals".
A first level chain:
We should imagine that a level chain is double
directed at bottom, between outer poles in d-degree 4 or
between macrocosm and microcosm, between a part, a unit
and its surrounding, centre and anticentre.
An alternative aspect is to regard a counterdirected
unit O → ← O with equal energy level) from outside,
from the environment, as a condition for new level steps.
Another aspect is to look at the dimension chain in right
angle to the main axis, polarization steps as
the development evolving through step 3--2 when the analysis
concerns the dimension degrees of material units.
Possibly too one could imagine underlying
levels "inverted" to superposed ones as expression
for the pole exchange 0--00, centre --- anticentre and change
6. According to first hypotheses in the dimension model
the level development also implies
- centre displacement where anticentre becomes a new centre,
as a kind of growing "strangeness", and
- a process towards increasing unidirection,
differentiation to more and more specified addresses.
The chemical substances become connected over increasing
distances as a result of this secondary development of new
chains in each step of earlier dimension chains, connected
via underlying levels in the same way as people's journeys
over geographical distances and distant contacts may have
roots in their earlier relationships and underlying psychological
(An illustration could be the cutting
of mRNA before the translation process as redundant information.
Back to the relevant level of connection? )
Energy levels (as numbers) could function
as addresses. Each step in a dimension chain or level chain
may be assumed as representing a certain energy level, and
molecular structures as complex results of dimension processes
then get different energies. Interpreted as numbers (equivalent
with personal code numbers) could then represent addresses
to equal (complementary) poles or structures on a related
7. Assumptions in the dimension model is also that number
of motion moments increases towards lower degrees and higher
levels. "Lost" d-degrees in structure become translated
into motions (and/or meeting "the other way around").
This becomes also related to the optional
level of analysis: the more dimensions attributed to the
structure, the less to motions. In one formulation the number
of "freedom degrees" should increase with increasing
complexity of the molecules.
If a simple atom or ion only has an unsophisticated
pathway motion in its local area before it gets bound, a
more complex molecule can be assumed to move in 1-2-3 dimensions,
move on and between others keeping its unbound freedom with
a more or less differentiated address (~ receptor) - as
human beings on floors, between walls, through streets towards
8. Level development could also imply displacements in
roles of the involved atoms and molecules, a rising or lowering
of the dimension degree or d-degree step that the unit,
atom or molecule represents in relation to others at a certain
stage or in a bigger context? A displacement in its role,
expressed through displacements and angle changes on its
underlying levels, as changed binding directions, variations
in their relative electronegativity, changes in oxidation
Coordinate axes - directions - angle steps:
9. It should follow from the analysis of electron shells
that all electrons involved in molecular bonds, orbitals
and directions in space around an atom differ mutually,
represent different dimension degrees and steps and levels
or different poles of a d-degree. No coordinate axes can
be equivalent in the sense that they are all the same, the
magnetic polarity N-S included.
One example is the central C-atom in amino
In addition to the division of the 4 directions into 3
+ 1 (1 for the side chains) one has the R-H-axis in opposition
to the axis NH2 -----COOH with character of inward / outward
direction respectively, poles of d-degree 4, e. g. hydrophobic
versus hydrophilic directions in Glu, and the axis of the
peptide bindings, secondarily polarized in + and -, NH3+
and COO-, a polarization in the property charge.
Atoms direct the space.
It should be possible to regard them as micro-codes for
dimension chains, therewith also for biochemical processes
on superposed levels: codes similar to the genes in DNA
for the proteins of cells, although of a more directly involved
And different levels within the atoms
should act on different superposed levels in the chemical
processes via the orbitals as "field lines" in
10. The coding language on the chemical level is also an
angle language. Compare for instance sp-hybridizations,
boat- and chair forms of carbon rings etc. One may wonder
if perhaps within the atom as "autonomous" a dimensional
process is going on as a kind of "standing wave",
then through the angle steps in repetition.
The magnetic poles of the Earth reverse now and then,
a "pole exchange". Then perhaps the magnetic coordinate
axes in atoms do the same? Of the same obscure reason. With
the result that bonds get broken. (Perhaps an answer to
why substances age, break down, have to be renewed?)
If there is a connection between mass
and angles, perhaps mass numbers - and valences - not unambiguously
are integers (in number of u or e-). Binding capacity or
potential could lie between integers and this become a factor
in the force driving chemical processes. (Also to regard
as a consequence of the assumed secondary development of
new dimension chains in steps of the first one. Cf. fractals.)
11. In the parts about physics here it's suggested that
we have a kind of polarity matter - antimatter on all levels.
Then L/D-forms of amino acids would be one example on the
molecular level. (Fungi and eventually some bacteria contain
both forms, so it's said, but all higher organisms only
the L-forms.) This would be one example of increasing unidirection
in the development towards lower d-degrees and superposed
Perhaps, mentioned only as a speculation,
the D-form of amino acid tetrahedrons in its elementary
form exists as part or interval structure within DNA, as
the complementary picture, its "negative" - regarded
from a certain angle in the DNA-helix? Analogous then to
the hypotheses (some decades ago) about a p --- anti-p-relation
in the centre of atomic nuclei. (Cf. a pyrimidine
ring as ring structure, in relation to two B-chains
of an amino acid as a zigzag-way
in the ring: C-C-N.)
12. Many amino acids and some nucleic acids too can spontaneously
be formed in a soup of smaller molecules with the supply
of energy in some form (Miller 1953 and many subsequent
experiments). One may then imagine that the lightning or
the other energy supplied defines a centre, that is a 0-pole
as the condition for a dimensional development according
to primary laws: a centre equivalent with a pole of d-degree
5. Or that it defines the main axis in a dimensional chain
which also represents the energy steps?
13. A general aspect on biochemical processes is to regard
them as efforts by a fragmented matter to recreate entireties
- and at the same time solve number demands of dimension
chains (probably with different types of mathematics in
The metabolism of the cell, its energy
transports, copying processes, feedback mechanisms etc.
should according to the hypotheses here be possible to describe
as dimension chains through all levels from the elementary
particle level to the cell level, to and fro, out- and inwards,
in a certain similarity with standing waves.
14. With a Time aspect, we could adopt the description
that what is "quantum jump" happenings on an underlying
level, more and more develops in time toward superposed
levels to increasingly more of processes in several steps.
That which in the centre of an atom eventually
may be called a "pole exchange" or an inversion,
can on a biochemical level have developed to a long process
(while other "jumps" still may be more as jumps,
not yet have had the time to a secondary development in
Perhaps one example is the move of one
oxygen atom from one end to the other in the aldehyde part
of fructose: a process in about 10 steps in the glycolysis
(from Glycerin-aldehyde to Pyruvate).
(Even if the cell chemistry seems fully developed from
"the beginning", it may have taken some important
seconds, equivalent with the creation of a material Universe
after Big Bang. )
Interpreting processes as a fragmentation into several
steps, it could also motivate a summation of the stages
as in opposite direction, with exclusion of the Time axis.
Different stages - in simultaneous existence - becomes
also free actors in different other processes.
15. Further, it has been assumed in this model that there
is a gradual substantiation of the last steps in a dimension
chain through counterdirection from other units. This could
be one way to regard the covalent bonds, where atoms (as
0-poles) with their free valences as virtual lines or field
lines are saturated with corresponding "field lines"
from other atoms and chains as linear and get bound to surfaces
and further to volumes through folding.
The chemical principle addition
(through condensation of similar units to "linear"
chains) may generally be regarded as such a substantiation
of the 1st d-degree on a superposed macromolecule level.
Carbohydrate chains as n x glucose is one example, protein
These additions could probably be interpreted
as expressions on the biochemical level for longitudinal
waves on the level of physics.
Other additional processes are in reality
summation of different stages of "the same" substance,
as Acetyl~ and Malonyl~ in the fatty acid synthesis. (See
16. In the biochemical processes the wanderings or migrations
of 2H are central.
The last step in a dimension chain, 1 →0/00, as a
polarization into poles 1a/1b gives the sum of poles 2,
2 "E" as a potential value in the d-degree of
Motions, the processes. This according to our assumptions
in the model.
In each step outwards 2 E are debranched, corresponding
with the 2H-migration.
(Cf. the way to write NADPH+H: indicating a difference between
the 2 H, as between poles 1a and 1b, or roles of poles 0
and 00 in d-degree 0/00.
On the elementary geometrical level the
poles 1a and 1b represent virtual (haploid) lines - presumably
for catching and aggregating from the environment. Representing
possible connections with other dimension chains.
17. "Activating" of a substance, a molecule,
could hypothetically be interpreted as a displacement half
a step, corresponding to 1/2 dimension degree (perhaps from
a pole to the main axis) or between interval and border
in the dimension chain, (towards a binding or polarizing
centre). The activation implies reasonably also a displacement
of charge within the molecule - perhaps analogous with the
depolarization in a nerve cell which releases a nervous
signal when charge over the cell membrane becomes zero.
18. A consequence of the dimension model could be that
also processes as motional
patterns, as structures, could appear as 1-2-3-4-dimensional.
It would be possible then to have "linear"
processes and cyclic ones, rotating processes (as that in
the porphyrine synthesis), wavy ones (as the synthesis of
fatty acids could be described), double-directed versus
unidirected processes, pole exchanges (as perhaps in the
move of the COO-group in Pyruvate to Malonyl~ via Acetyl~
). We could also find the geometrical opposition
between radial versus circular/spherical structures when
processes on a macro level are studied more closely, as
between glycolysis and citrate cycle.
19. Cyclic processes can be interpreted in several ways,
departing from our dimension model: as an expression for
rotation, appearing in d-degree step 4→3, but also
as the development of the 0-pole through steps -4-3-2-1
with angle steps in the same direction, re-coupling to the
start. In this respect also an expression for the 00-pole,
the pole of repetition and for manyfoldness. (Cf. perhaps
the respiration cycle "within" the citrate cycle.
In general terms cyclic processes becomes
expressions for the increasing unidirection towards lower
d-degrees as towards higher levels.
20. The aggregation forms of matter, its different phases,
may be regarded as steps in a dimension chain:
There are the 3-dimensional crystals of minerals
and the 2-dimensional, plane H2O-molecules
of water for instance. Identifying gases as 1-dimensional
in structure seems perhaps a bit more problematic. However,
in 2-atomic gases there is just one linear relation and
most gases exist in the forms of molecules. Inert gases
should more correctly perhaps be described as 0-dimensional
("points"). The gas phase appears in steps 2→1→,
and it's reasonable to see plasma as a phase of type 0/00,
where even the elementary link between charges, protons
and electrons, are broken.
According to first aspects on our dimension model, there
are in direction outwards a stepwise decreasing d-degree
of structure, increasing d-degree of motions as translation
of the lost d-degrees in structure. In the opposite ("synthesizing")
direction, an increasing number of structure building bonds.
= motions (as vibration, rotation, translation) as polarizing
d-degree 0/00, breaking structures towards lower aggregation
Density gradients = assumed here as the "physical
quantity" in d-degree step 5→4, decreasing towards
lower d-degrees. (Pressure one factor.)
21. Phases corresponding to d-degrees 4 and 5?
The state of matter in neutron stars is of course another
phase, but hardly of the same structural kind as the other
"phases", sooner as a compressed form of plasma,
the antithesis to plasma, individual neutrons without external
relations, total lack of an expressed outer structure, through
A 4- (or 5)-dimensional aggregation form
of matter of the structuring kind would simply oppose the
definitions adopted in this model that mass (or matter)
isn't defined as property before d-degree 3. The property
disappears in black holes and at Big Bang there is only
a mathematical point or singularity.
However, in life chemistry it seems as if we could talk
about a new phase, of underlying elementary phases appearing
in a new combination. Inverted to a superposed level, through
d-degree step 3-2. All "phases" represented, even
4-dimensional "vector phases" as gradients of
different kinds.. The plasma phase for instance appearing
in photolysis, the separation of e- and H+, united again
in the respiration cycle. The higher d-degrees are of course
inherent in mass.
Using the term "phase" here is of course only
one way to look at the creation of structures.
The co-ordination of processes to serve
the unit as a whole implies or looks like building 4-3-2-1-0-dimensional
structures of pure motions as "building stones".
(Perhaps, regarding the dimension chain of motions, counterdirected
to that of structure and with our simple assumption that
number of motion moments agree with lost d-degrees in structure,
it would be possible to identify 15 elementary kinds of
motions in a cell?) In any case the number of motional moments
would increase on superposed levels.*
[*About motion moments in different aggregation forms on
the elementary non-life level: The hypothesis that lost
d-degrees in structure should be looked for and found in
external motions may often seem too primitive even if well-founded,
when looking to type and number of motions. Yet it may perhaps
throw light upon some behaviour of matter in the different
- Solids: There is of course no 2-dimensional motion of
"rotation" in parts of solid matter on earth -
as the rotation of celestial bodies and atomic nucleons
in macro- and microcosm. But growth of crystals with new
layers of surfaces - and oscillations in lattices.
- Liquids: Through surface tension creeping by capillarity;
liquid Helium creeping 3-dimensionally over all surfaces
Other 3-dimensional streams in liquids have been detected
- Gases: The different, well studied motional moments of
1-2-atomic gases: vibration, rotation and translation in
Expansion and contraction (as it seems
in celestial hydrogen clouds)
- Plasmas: In the behaviour of plasmas it sounds quite possible
to identify motions in 5 dimensions according to fusion
research: spiralling, pumping, elevation anti-gravitationally,
pole turning etc.]