Synthesis,
complementary traits, first annotations
about mass.
The
DNARNAbases G and A versus CUT
do indeed represent complementary
"poles", with several
polarities in origin and their synthesis.
The
65memberrings of G an Abases
originate from Inosinic acid,
the 6memberrings of UCTbases
from Orotate. In original
papers G and A are called "00"bases,
UCT "0"bases. Yet the
G and Abases in their construction
have the character of 0poles of
the dimension model here, UCT
the character of 00poles (anticentre
poles). a) G and Abases
are constructed from a centre outwards,
the UCTbases inwards:The centre
in G and Abases is made up of
the smallest amino acid Gly, whose
branches outwards are filled with
small molecules from the surrounding
anticentre.
We
have a "c  ac"relation. The UCTbases on the contrary
are created through the meeting
from outwards of two bigger molecules,
the amino acid Asp and carbamylphosphate,
binding to form the 6atom rings.
Principle of synthesis
for the opposite codon bases:
b) Further, G and A then
are formed along a branched way
from the resulting Inosinic acid,
while U, C and T are differentiated
along a "linear" path
of changes. c)
Also the relation to the Pribose
groups of the nucleotides are opposite:
construction of A and Gbases occurs
on the Pribose group which comes
first, UCT bases are constructed
separately with the Pribose group
added afterwards. d) Gly and
Asp, the amino acids making up parts
of the polar types of bases have
mass numbers which are inversions
to one another: (Cf.
sum of 133 and 75 = 208, numbers
reappearing in the Exponent
series.) e)
Mass number sums of "0"
and "00"bases are inversions:
G + A = 286 =
151 + 135 A (with +1 for bonds to
ribose) U+C+T = 349 = 112 +
111 + 126 A
286
/\ 349. x 10^{x}
Also, more intricate:
2 bases with exponent 2/3 give their opposites if inverted.
(Cf. the exponent 2/3 to an elementary number chain 54321 related
to codon distribution to amino acids in the genetic code, see files
The genetic code.)
The branched paths of synthesis
for G and Abases:
Here
we have something like a secondary
polarity: Abase gets its
free Ngroup from the amino acid
Asp, the
Ngroup in the Bchain of this.
(There is of course no other.)
Gbase gets its free Ngroup from
Gln, the
Ngroup in the Rchain of this.
We can note too: Asp,
70 Z ——> Abase 70
Z Gln, 78
Z ——> Gbase 78 Z Codons
as a mirror relation: Asp
GAC <——> CAG
= Gln (but GAU <——>
UAG = one of the Stop codons.)
Complementary
forms of bases versus amino acids
(ams):
There is a relation
in their forms like centresanticentres,
(c—ac), as 000 in the model
 or radial versus circular as geometrical
poles of dimension degree (ddegree)
3 in our model:  Amino acids
as tetrahedrons have central Catoms
and direction outwards in 34 directions,
 Bases are rings as if the central
atoms had got inverted to anticentre
positions. Formally, 2 amino
acids NCCNCC could be restructured
to the 6rings of the bases (if
chemically possible is another question):
Actually,
the contribution of the amino acid
Gly to A and Gbases corresponds
to half a 6ring (1/3 of the CNatoms
in the 56ring), and Asp with CCCN,
2/3 of the 6rings of U and C, T:
7 out of 15 C + N in purine and
pyrimidine rings. (Also
Glu and Asp contribute with singular
atom groups (NHx) to the Inosine,
the parent to A and Gbases.) Polarization
in end(R)groups of the bases:
In the GCpair the bases have both
O and N, ketooxygen and nitrogen
groups, while the opposition
ON is polarized to separate bases
in the AUpair (Abase with only
a NHxgroup, U (and T) with only
2 oxygen groups. This
fact points towards the AUpair
as expression for a secondary step
or level from the viewpoint of our
dimension model. Many other facts
do the same in the arithmetical
analysis of codons and amino acids
(see those files). (That the opposite
is true about the order of synthesis,
representing the opposite inward
direction, is natural.) The
base pairs may be ordered along
3 kinds of polarities: a.
GA <——> UC type
of bases b. GC <——>
UA complementary pairing c.
GU <——> AC defined
as ketobases versus aminobases.
The GC <—>
UA polarity is here suggested as
the first one, an expression for
opposite, complementary directions,
i.e. ddegree 4. The GA <—>
UCpolarity could be the second
one. Compare features of "radial"
versus "circular" in the
forms of synthesis as poles of ddegree
3. Also a certain polarity heavier
— lighter in the property Mass.
The GU <—> CA
polarity, founded in the O <—>
Npolarity, refers to a hydrophilichydrophobic
aspect, which concerns Charge as
a property. Charge in this model
assumed as a property defined in
ddegree 2. Illustrated as
coordinate axes: 3/2/relations
among bases as a polarization of
5:
Free endgroups of the 4 RNAbases
as illustrated in endgroups of
amino acids Gln and Asn:
About
mass numbers (A) and atoms in the
single bases: Intervals
in mass between ATGbases:
Intervals are squares illustrated
by the Pythagorean' triangle.
G 151 u, A 135 u, T = 126 u. (Including
+1 for bond to (deoxi)ribose:
Approximate mass numbers of TAGbases
from quotients in the dimension
chain with superposed oddfigurechain:
Sum of the 4 DNAbases with +2H
for the double bonds added = 543:
543: the first triplet in the
elementary number chain:
[Mass of sidechains of G+Ccoded
ams (R) = 544. The same number division
appears there between Z and Nnumbers:
300 Z, 244 N (/+1 in 2nd base order)]
A mass relation between base
types as connected with sum of ams:
Pyrimidine ring without H: 4
C + 2 N = 76 A Purine ring without
H: 5 C + 4 N = 116 A
76/116 = 2 x 3275,9. ≈
3276. x 10^{4}. 3276 = sum of 20 + 4 doublecoded ams.
A  Z 
L/Lp 
p  numbers as different levels
in the bases: The starting
point here is the thought that activation
("excitation" ?) of an
atom or molecule may imply a stepwise
approach towards more superficial
levels as suppression of deeper
ones and therefore different number
of levels in the electron shells
are engaged in different stages
of processes. Here
we assume that in first steps the
orbitals of the Kshell are suppressed
first, designated Llevel, in next
step the sorbitals of the
Lshell, designated plevel.
It doesn't include Hatoms of course.
Addition of different stages
could then be regarded as an operation
for getting the time aspect inherent
(only virtual).
Here it seems as the deeper level
of atomic Mass is "disintegrated"
in different stages of more superficial
levels  as Charge and the electron
shells  in a way that agrees with
the general principle in the dimension
model of higher ddegrees transformed
to lower ones. There is a similar,
rather remarkable pattern among
the coded amino acids, see The
genetic code.
Number of atoms in
2 x 24 codon bases, 1st and 2nd
position: Cf. table
of 20 + 4 doublecoded amino acids.
 Equal number divisions +/1 in
2 dimensions, horizontally an vertically.
Total
sum of atoms = 674 = 2/3 x the sum
of the
exponent series
1011: With 3rd base in codons
included, assuming equal distribution,
6 of each base, 336 atoms are included:
6 G = 6 x
16 = 96, 6
A = 6 x 15 = 90, 6
U = 6 x 12 = 72, 6
C = 6 x 13 = 78
Total sum of atoms should then become
~ the sum of the exponent series
1011. 5^{2/3}
—
4^{2/3} —
3^{2/3}—2^{2/3} —1^{2/3}
—0
x
10^{2} = Sum 1011, 3 x 337.
Numbers
abbreviated to integers in the exponent
series: 292
+ 252 + 208 + 159 + 100
544
467
Atoms
then in the bases paired: A+Ubases:
544 atoms 1 = 292 + 252
1 G+Cbases: 467 atoms
= 208 + 159 + 100 Including
stop codons, UAA/G and UGA, first
two bases = + 2 U, 1 A, 1 G:
The same equivalence vertically
and horizontally appears +/1:
A+Gbases:
432 ~ C + N = 433. U+Cbases:
297 ~ O + H = 296. 23
amino acids, without Ileu2 ( same
1st and 2nd base in the codons):
a.
A+Gbases: atom number ~ C+N atoms
(A ~ C, G ~ N) U+Cbases:
atom number ~ O+H atoms. b.
Number 385, which guide one 12group
among amino acids, is equally divided
here in
the numbers 209  176 (among the
Cross and Formcoded ams +/1).
Numbers 262261 is the
mass number of a DNA pair G + C
and A + T respectively. Note
perhaps the inverse relation between
numbers around 260 and 385.
There is also the relation in numberbase
systems (nbx): 261
in nb10 = 405 ~ 385 rewritten in
nb8. (From files The genetic
code.) The schemes above
seem connected with the function
the bases have as coenzymes in relation
to the different classes of substances.
Roughly: Ubase
(UTP) with carbohydrates (dominating
atom O), Cbase
(CTP) with lipids (characterizing
atom may be said to be H) Gbase
(GTP) with proteins (typical atom
N). Abase, less specific,
most connected with energy storing
and transportation. Sum
of products in the dimension chain
with superposed oddfigure level
gives mass numbers of bases and
amino acids:
Abase and nucleotides
 some number readings in the elementary
chain:
* To
Numbers
 more on mass numbers of bases
and mass relations to amino acids.
