The Genetic Code - 17 short files Mathematical patterns in assignment of codons to amino acids
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 12.  "Quark numbers" - a new invention, all rights reserved ! - 1.   The charge unit in physics is supposed to be distributed on thirds in the so called "quarks", one anti-quark (-1/3) and two quarks (2 x +2/3) in protons. A similar, simplified principle is here applied to numbers as mass units: a number (as mass units u) attracting two anti-numbers (mirrored ones; opposite direction) in a kind of "quark-anti-quark-relation". The addition of these then divided by three (3), giving a new number which in its turn can attract two new anti-numbers as "quarks" etc. Formula for generating more and more complex "quarks": One-figure numbers become their own anti-quarks, generates only themselves again.    So to0 "mirror numbers" as e.g. 101. Other numbers lead to chains of numbers - and after a certain amount of steps back to some earlier number in the chain, i. e. lead into a loop. - or to an one figure number (we could call it a "point loop"). The number in the loop which directly leads to the first starting number is named "loop number". For instance, number 36 is the "loop number" for number 54:          [36 + 2 x 63] / 3 = 54. 1. NADP generating the sum of amino acids: Starting with 744 = NADP, mass number A: 744 + 2 x 447, x 1/3 = 546 = 1/6 x 3276, + 2 x 645, x 1/3 = 612, (= 1/3 x 1836, ~ the quotient p/e), + 2 x 216, x 1/3 etc., gives the number chain: 2. The steps in a dimension chain as numbers 54 - 43 - 32 etc. developed     in such quark loops:     One example: 54 gives the chain : In the figure below the numbers for dimension degree steps are encircled, the "loop numbers" written above//below in squares. We get the total sum of 24 amino acids, 3276, as products of the loop numbers in steps 5→4, and 4→3 and inwards: 4→5, 3→4. (Cf. L-D-forms of ams?) Note the "point loop numbers" in steps 1→0 and 0→1: 4 and 7, reminding of the 11 dimensions of the String theory: 4 said to be developed outwards, 7 "undeveloped", surely meaning inwards. 36 = 4 x 9 7 x 9 = 63 91 = 7 x 13 4 x 13 = 52 Footnotes: a) Step 32 leads to a point loop 8, if we don't read 08, + 2 x 80, x 1/3 = 32. Step 21 is the only step which doesn't lead back to itself, nor to a point loop but back to an earlier stage in its own chain. We have to read 03 to get 21 as a "quark". b) In all step numbers 54, 45, 34 and 32, 23 (but not 43) partial sums of quark + 2 anti-quarks give partial sums of the type 612, 918 1224, i. e. 1/3, 1/2 or 2/3 of 1836, the approximated p/e quotient. 3.  Amino acids grouped according to the 3rd base:      R-chains, mass numbers:      3rd base grouping:     A/G (or A,G) coded ams:     638, + 2 aq (2 x 836) = 2310     U/C-coded:ams                     531, + 2 aq (2 x 135) =   801     "2-base-coded" ams:            335, + 2 aq (2 x 533) = 1401... = 3 x 1504     2310 =                        3 x 770 = 3 x Cross-plus Form-coded ams       801 = 3 x 267                             > =      3 x 734 = 3 x RNA- plus Pair-coded ams    1401 =  3 x 467                                                      2 (3 x 367 -/+ 100) Cf. page about 3rd base grouping. 4. "Quark"-chains and 2-figure readings in the dimension chain,     - a comparison: Numbers on superposed level;    Quark 79 gives the number 273, as q + 2 aq. (Cf. the π-meson, π/e-quotient)    quark  57 gives the number 207. (Cf. the μ-lepton.)       (The aq 97 = HPO3. 75 = Meth, R-chain.)   273 also the mean value of two amino acids unbound, R+B.    Quark 147 is given from number 73:   Glu, R, = 73, R+B = 147: Cf. Glu, from α-ketoglutarate, ammoniating amino acids,    and compare "A-Z"-numbers and the atom N. *

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Texts are mostly extractions from a booklet series, made publicly available in year 2000.

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Table 24 ams A, Z, N

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