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 The Planet System A short introduction. - Table on distances and masses

Table on middle distances from the Sun in AE and masses in Earth units with abbreviations. (Data from two different sources)

 Planet Distance, AE Masses/earth Abbreviations Mercury 0,387 0,054 Merc Venus 0,723 0,815 Ven Earth 1,000 1 Ea(rth) Mars 1,524 0,108 Mars Asteroid belt, ca. 2,8... ~ ? ~ 0 Ast. (ast) Jupiter 5,203 318    - 317,89 Jup Saturn 9,54 95     - 95,147 Sat Uranus 19,2 14,5  - 14,54 Ur Neptune 30,1 17,2  - 17,23 Nept Pluto 39,4 0,18 Pl Sum: 109,877 446,857 - 446,964

A short introduction

The hunting for more of a given order in our planet system may seem rather crazy in the views of modern astronomers. It is presumably contrary to modern opinions about the birth of the solar system out of masses of dust through rotating magnetic fields and other dynamic processes and "random" collisions and, above all, variability over time.
The research not only becomes curiously Earth-Sun-centered but also Now-centered.
(And there is not much knowledge yet of other planet systems to compare with.)

That there is some order at least is evident from Kepler's laws for the relation between orbital time of the planets and the orbital radii:

A3/T2 = c x (Msun + Mplanet)      A = distance to the sun
..................................................T = orbital time
..................................................c = a constant
..................................................M = mass

And then we have the suggested formula of Bode for the distances of planets from the sun (in Earth units = AE): 0, 4 + 0, 3 x 2x (x = 0,1,2,3,4,5,6, 7)

0,4 = ca. distance for Mercury (0,387).
x = 0 gives 0,7 = ca. distance for Venus etc.

The formula agrees rather well for all planets but Neptune. Since this planet was found, the astronomers have thought that the formula perhaps was a chance.

© Åsa Wohlin
Free to distribute if the source is mentioned.
Texts are mostly extractions from a booklet series, made publicly available in year 2000

A short Introduction

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 1. Planet distances in AE - Exponent 3/2 2. Planet distances - variation of Bode's formula - 1/98 4. A graph for planet distances in AE Masses in Earth units 0. Planet masses from the Exponent series 1. Masses of planets from 1/98 2. Masses of planets from a chain 2x2 3. Masses of planets from simple triplet chains with exponent 9/4, [3/2]2 * Latest updated 2022-09-29 *