Some additional notes about Mass and Vacant Space:
1. Waves before mass and matter?
The model here, as a dimensional chain from d-degree
5 to degree 0/00 of motions could be interpreted as presuming
a big mass in an empty space before it gets split up in
charges and waves... But a d-degree chain can be read in
double directions, the "branched off" d-degrees
meeting"the other way around:
With step 4 → 3 there is
2 d-degrees "lost", enough to define motions,
distances and 2-dimensional waves in inward direction -
these acting as polarizing force on a 3-dimensional "volume"
according to the model.
2. Matter waves:
With this dimensional model it is quite natural that
matter also can be described as dissolved in waves. It becomes
a question of level of analysis, which is optional: which
d-degree is seen as structure, which as motions.
As said before, matter should be possible to describe as
built-in movements, as conglomerated, curly lines or as
stratified shells (seen from lower d-degrees
According to some vague statement Matter waves follow
other equations than electromagnetic waves (EM-waves), and
so they reasonably should according to the model here:
- They "should be" of a higher d-degree (presuming
the property Mass in relation to Charge as a d-degree relation
3 to 2).
- They "should" include components which in the
next step (inverted?) could appear as electromagnetic waves.
- They ought to be double-directed in some respect in comparison
- There should exist another phase displacement between
the components than in EM-waves.
- The vibrations of Matter should perhaps be "at straight
angle to" or just angled in relation to EM-waves.
However, the formulas which describe the relations between
mass, wavelength and velocity for matter waves and EM-waves
respectively is of the same kind with only one distinction,
that between the velocity of light and relative velocity
of masses, c versus v:
Photon, mass m = h x 1/(co
Matter wave: m = h x 1/(v x λ)
Is this the only truth about matter waves? No answer here.
If we isolate the time factor in the formula for the mass,
1/v = Time /Distance, we get that
the mass for matter waves decreases when time approaches
infinity. Simultaneously, according to the relativity theory,
does the mass increase and approach 00 when v increases,
asymptotically approaches c, In this contradiction then
we could find the inverse relation in directions between
matter waves as inward directed energy (equivalent to the
mass property) on one hand, and the external motions of
masses as outward directed kinetic energy, on the other.
The "mass" of the photon should increase with
decreasing velocity, i.e. when passing through denser media
than vacant space.
An added note: Much of the "mass"
in "black holes" could eventually be contributed
by the imprisoned light with very low velocity?
3. Splitting up of a "whole Mass":
It is rather easy to imagine how wave motions in 3 dimensions
can differentiate the masses, as through longitudinal vibration
(motions to and from each other) in vector fields, shell
creating as through surfaces in positive and negative curvature,
a spherical stratifying through diffraction in different
amplitudes and frequencies, through interference and counterdirections
giving "standing waves" - an alternately concentration
- rarefying, an alternately amplification and extinguishing
(as in standing waves), defining centers and anticenters
and energies of positive and negative signs.
We have interference even among electrons too -
and among human beings, grouping together, creating
intervals to other groups!
Velocity as splitting?
All points along the radius of a gramophone record have
the same angle velocity. If angle velocity (as a function
between radial coordinate axes) is "inverted"
to the same orbit velocity along the circle, for all grooves
of different "amplitude", we should get a breaking
up of the record in separate grooves - and separate points
if the grooves were spiral orbits. Indeed, a very effective
We could perhaps think of Distance and Time, (D/T) when
interpreted as the 2 poles out of d-degree 1: 1a and 1b
- as two rotating vectors in a unity circle, mutually polarized
in 4 different respects:
- in the starting point: one starting from 0, the other
from 00, a polarization in amplitude too,
- in direction inwards / outwards, translated into clockwise
/ counter clockwise rotation,
- in phase, with phase displacement (11,25° ?) at start,
- in angle velocity (implying varying phase displacement).
Moreover we could imagine a pole exchange where the vectors
meet, giving alternately quotients of type + c and 1/c,
or +c/-c, negative or positive energy
displacement of the starting points as a Heisenberg´s
uncertainty, perhaps also with a correspondence in Macrocosm?
An apparatus for polarizing masses - vacant
4. Some numbers:
Assuming angle steps through the dimension chain and halvings,
we have 90° at d-degree 3. That is an ordinary 3-dimensional
coordinate system, with 8 space quadrants.
Compare the presumption of an "energy
number" 8 E for the potentials in d-degree 3, equal
to the sum of the outer poles 4a and 4b.
28 = 256. 2 as log base in polarizing inward
2256= ca. 1077 = estimated number
of atoms in Universe (1973 !)
3 2-step, read as numbers 32 23:
32: Mass of Universe ca 1050
kg = 1077 nucleons times volume for a nucleus,
the cubic of ca. 10-15 m = 1032.
23: x 2
= 46 Volume of the vacant space at a multiplying, "perpendicular"
relation between the poles Mass Vacant space.
32 + 46
= 78 1078: Volume of Universe
with radius estimated to ca. 1026 meters (1973).
23 x 2
= 46: Also the volume of 1077
H-atoms with Bohr-radius 5,29 x 10-11 meters
will be 1046. (Atoms as "matter" =
structure composed of masses and vacant space.)
Compare perhaps E-number products in the dimension chain:
Volume of Universe, 78, cf. 80
Volume of empty space: 46, Cf. 48
Volumes of nucleons: 32. Cf. 24 + 8.
5. The lacking Mass or Matter of Universe:
Physicists have for a rather long time missed a great
part of the Universe's mass, estimated necessary to explain
things. Some decade ago it was said to be about 97 % of
We could expect that matter is stepwise
"designed" and "crystallizing" through
the dimension chain, and presuming these steps as angle
steps of halvings we get a very narrow sector at last which
could represent visible matter, - or rather the light waves
In the last step we get the rest angle
of 11,25°, that is about 3 % of the circle:
The foregoing steps as the "empty space" whose
"weight" not should be neglected?
Now, 2005, new rumors tell that
1) the energy of Vacant Space is recognized and
2) Vacant Space energy should make up 73%,
3) "dark matter" correspond to 23 %,
4) visible matter to 4 %.
E-number products = sum 160. Assuming that step 3-2 is doubled
(that of mass to matter), we get the sum
208. (~32/3 x100).
80 + 48 + 24 = 152ccccccccc
= 73 % of 208
= ~ 4 % (3,84) of 208
= 23 % of 208.
Motivations for this doubled step 3-2 - or 2 - 3 ? Double-direction in the dimension chain according to the loopversion of the model?
Figures 73 - 23 - 4 procent corresponds roughly to estimated amount of H - He and heavier elements in macrocosm. Some connection in underlying rules?
[Another way to find such percentage:
(5 x 3 x 1) /(4 x 2) = number "w", 1,875,
(odd through even d-degrees of a dimension chain).
15/8. /\ = inversion.
√ w, /\ = 73 %
√ 10w, /\ = 23 %
~ 4 %
4√ 100w, /\ =
27 % ]
6. Can new matter be created in Universe?
One can assume that the 4-dimensional vector fields has
been used up where big masses exist and gravitation as 2-dimensional
roots out of the fields has been created between the masses.
The requirements for new matter should then be exhausted
in this neighborhood.. In solar systems, galaxies, galaxy
crowds. - However, it is said that one has not been able
to find gravitation between galaxy crowds. Why? Perhaps
it could remain some suitable vector fields there for inversion?
7. Vacant Space and Future:
The vacant space can be compared with the inward direction
of Time, with the Future as directed inwards towards the
Present; vacant space as 00-pole be the analogue in Space
to the inward direction of Time. Both can be seen as "causes
from outside" - to an effect, to processes, to movements.
It´s not least thanks to the empty space that bodies