1. Pgroups, the single, "inorganic" phosphorous groups:
Fig 191: Pgroups:
A form of life was found some years ago, said to use arsenic instead of
phosphorus (P), i. e. next higher element in the phosphorus group of
elements in the periodic system. If so, it could of course lead
to the conclusion that all such transformations between masses including
phosphorus are irrelevant and in any case no necessary condition
for life as an eventual part of a reference system.
Yet, phosphorus could have had a decisive role
at the very creation of the genetic code, while this not excludes
further evolution?
2. Coenzymes of the bases, MP, DP, TP:
2.1 Tables of masses of the coenzymes
Fig. 192: Survey
2.2 From 4 bases to their mass as coenzymes
Fig 193: 509  1357, 4 coenzymes MP:
2.3 Expansion of bases nb10 to nb8 adds the Pxribose groups:
Some transformations from sums of the bases to sums of their appearance
as coenzymes are shown in figures below. Note expansions where 212292372
correspond to the P(P(P)ribose groups:
Fig. 194: From the bases to coenzymes MP, DP, TP
2.4 5 bases to 5 coenzymes TP:
Fig. 195:
2.5 4 RNAbases giving 5 coenzymes DPMP in nb6:
Fig. 196:
2.6 From 751, the sum of 4 bases in nb8,
to 5 bases as coenzymes TP and to 6141, the sum of 48 codon bases:
Fig. 197:
6141 == 15 A + 13 U + 11 G + 9 C :
3. Nucleotides:
3.1 Survey of nucleotides in chain binding:
Fig 198:
3,2 Two sets of the nucleotides from 2 sets of the bases (from file 17):
The four RNAnucleotides in chainbinding and uncharged
= 345, 329, 306 and 305 =1285.
The four DNAnucleotides (= 1285  4 x 16 + 14
in Tbase) = 1235.
Two sets of RNAnucleotides are given from 2 ¨times G and
Cbases in three steps nb10 →>8,
as two sets of DNAnucleotides from 2 times A and Ubases:
2G + 2C = 768 in nb8:
76810→> 14008/ 140010 →>
25708 = 2 x 1285 ~ RNAnucleotides
2U + 2A = 734 in nb8:
73410 →> 13368 / 133610 →> 24708= 2 x 1235 ~ DNAnucleotides
3.3 ESnumber 752 gives in two steps the sum of 4 nucleotides in DNA and RNA:
Fig 199:
3.4 The 4 bound RNAbases in nb16 gives the 4 RNAnucleotides in nb10:
Fig. 1910:
3.5 Bases read as nb8numbers, giving cGMP and cAMP in nb10:
Fig. 1911: cGMP  cAMP:
4. Met  codon AUG and tRNAends ACC:
AUG, the codon for Meth, leads the string at transcriptions
from DNA. Chainbound nucleotides AUG, transformed from nb10 to
nb8 give the whole sum of 24 ams R, 1504. There is also the equivalence
between the 4 bases 509 in nb8, the Anucleotide 329 in nb10 and
Meth 149 (R+B) in nb16,
Fig 1912: AUG, codon for Meth:
5. ACC  ends of tRNA:
ACC make up the common ends of tRNAs and one may ask
why? The three bases (as unbound) give the sum 544 /+1, the sum
5' + 4', 292 + 252 in the ESseries, when transformed in nb8.
Fig 1913: tRNAends ACC:
Cf. mass numbers for A and C from Triplets, file 21;
012 + 123 = 135 (Abase), + 234 = 357. Two of the intervals in the steps = 2 x 111 (2 x Cbase).
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