**Codon bases G, C, U, A in RNA; T instead of U in DNA:**

Some material from file **Biochemistry 04**:

**1.** **Complementarities and inversions:**

At least in actual cells of today the bases are synthesized in
complementary ways: the purine type from the amino acid Gly as centre,
the pyrimidine type from the amino acid

Asp together with carbamoyl phosphate.

In both cases circa molecules of circa 60 A are added: Gly 75 + 60 = A-base 135, Asp 133 + carbamyl ~ 60 A to Asp 133 (- 2 x 18 at condensation to Orotate); cf. interval 159 - 100 in the ES-chain.

Both mass numbers
of Gly and Asp are found in the ES-chain as intervals:

Gly 75 A = 292 - 367

Asp 133 A = 292 - 159...Sum **208 = 3'**

It could also be observed that these numbers are inversions of
each other:

**75 /\** **133**... x 10x, = 3**/**4 - 4**/**3 x 100

Approximate inversions are also the mass sums of purine versus
pyrimidine bases:

G 151+ A 135 = **286**. U 112 + C 111 + T 126 = **349**:

286** /\** 349.65 x 10-5

**2. Exponent 2/3:**

Pairs of the RNA-bases - with exponent 2**/**3 appear to be
inversions of their complementary ones:

**Fig 10-1:** * Pairs
of bases as each other's inversions through exponent 2***/**3:

**Another relation to the ES-chain:**

The single bases as bound (= -1) with exponent 2**/**3, (figure
10-2 below), times 10, give the sums G + A≈544, U + C ≈
460, sums 5'+4' and 4+3´ in the ES-chain. With exponent 2**/**3
applied again on the four obtained numbers the sum becomes ≈
159 = 2' in the ES-chain. First obtained four numbers without times
10 are ≈100 = 1'.

**Fig 10-2:** * Bases
bound with exponent 2***/**3:

** **

3. ES-numbers, a few first notes:

*Parents of the bases *(inosine 136 and orotate 156 ) = **292 = 5'**

*N-Z-division in 4 DNA-bases:*

4 DNA-bases, sum 523 A: N-Z compared with numbers in the ES-chain:

Z: 272 = 544 x½. G + C: 136, A + T 136 (- 8 in RNA with U-base = 128)

N: 251 = 252, -1: G + C: 126, A + T 125 (- 6 in RNA = 119)

*Mean value of a base pair of DNA:*

Mean value of a base pair of DNA happens to be a quotient from
the ES-series:

544 **/** 208, x 100 = 261,5.

*Five bases*. including T = 635, circa 292**/**460 x 10^3 ( 634,7)

*A step of polarization* outwards can be recognized from G + C-bases
to U + A-bases, reminding of order of dominating groups in the ES-chain:

The bonds G ≡C are 3 versus 2 in U**=**A-pair and G + C include both N and
O in the H-bridges, while these are "polarized" to only
N in A-base, only O in U**/**T-bases.

**4. Atoms in the bases - a 2-dimensional table:**

**Fig. 10-3: ***Atoms in the bases - a 2-dimensional table*

**Number of atoms in 24 codons, 1st and 2nd bases:**

For 23 ams, without AUA-codon for Ile2, the sums become

horizontally 401 - 15 = **386**,
273 - 12 = **261**,

vertically 401 - 16 = **385**, 273 - 11 = **262**

(The division of 385 on N and C vertically in 209 - 176, the same as in the table of mixed codons.)

Sum of atoms in 24 ams = 674, 2 x 337 . Assuming an equal distribution of bases in 3rd position we get the sum 1011 = sum of the whole ES- series:

13 U with 12 atoms = 156, + 6 x 12 = 228

15 A with 15 atoms = 225, + 6 x 15 = 315...**Sum 544 -1**

11 G with 16 atoms = 176, + 6 x 16 = 272

9 C with 13 atoms = 117, + 6 x 13 = 195...**Sum 467**

The equivalences could be connected with the function that the bases have as coenzymes in relation to the different classes of substances. Roughly:

U-base (UTP) with carbohydrates (with dominating atom O),

C-base (CTP)- with lipids (characterizing atom may be said to be H)

G-base (GTP) with proteins (with typical atom N).

A-base: (ATP), main energy storage and with transporting function ? (C-skeleton?)

**5. Bases U, A, G from "phase waves"**:

*(From index file, figure 01-1..)*

Quotients between wavelengths (n = 2, m = 5, 4,
3) in the Balmer series times 10^{2} happen to give the
mass numbers of U- and A-bases too (112 and 135) and approximately
the G-base (151,2), which could awake some suspicions...* (Quotients
as a kind of phase waves? Alleged not to carry any information!)

** Fig. 10-4:** *From Balmer series for spectral lines of hydrogen*:

(C-base eventually later developed to give two pairs? Eventually from a quotient between a spectral line of hydrogen and oxygen.

(Or cf. last term in c. = 1**/**9, x 1000, = 111,1. C-base = 111 )

**6. Just some numbers. a selection of operations**

**a)** Sum of 1st and 2nd bases in 24 codons = **6141**.

Quotient to sum of 24 ams R + B unbound 3276:

6141** /** 3276 = 1..8745 ~ 1.875. = 15**/**8 = 5 x 3 x 1 **/** 4 x 2, odd/even d-degrees.

(Cf. 0.1875, 2nd spectral line of hydrogen.

For number 6141 = number 1357 transformed to number base system (nb-x) 6,

see file 19, fig. 19-3.

**b)** DNA-bases with +2 for double-bonds in the rings:

A = +8, G = +6, C = +4, T = +2 = **543**.

**c)** - 14 (A+T = 261), **/\**, x 10^7 = 2736.7

__ - 10 (G+C = 262), __**/\**, x 10^7 = 3816.8

Sum = 6553.5 = **2 x 3276.**76. ~ 2 x 24 ams R + B unbound

[6 x 509 (24 baser RNA) = 3054, **/\**, x 10^7 = 3274.4 ]

**d)** 4 RNA-bases = 509 and number **32**

25**/**2π, x 100 = 509 (509.3)

(4th root of 32, x 100 ~ 752.12 x10^-2, **752** half the sum of 24 ams R)

**e)** G**/**5 + A**/**4 + T**/**3 + U**/**2 + C**/**1 = **273** (272.95),

273 the mean value of two ams R+B unbound

**f)** 4 DNA-bases = 523 A: 5232 = **2735.**29 x10^2

2735 = sum of 20 amino acids, R+B-chains,

without the extra set of 4 ams with two codons.

**g)** G-base, mass number from the simple dimension chain:

1 **/** 543 + 1** /** 210, **/\** = **151**.43. ~ G-base 151

More material may be found in files about biochemistry:

** The
protein synthesis**

** Synthesis
of the bases**

**Numbers:
DNA/RNA**

*

To **Transmitters
and the ES-chain**__.__